Authors: | Živaljević, Rade |

Affiliations: | Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts |

Title: | WI-posets, graph complexes and ℤ2-equivalences |

Journal: | Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A |

Volume: | 111 |

Issue: | 2 |

First page: | 204 |

Last page: | 223 |

Issue Date: | 1-Jan-2005 |

Rank: | M22 |

ISSN: | 0097-3165 |

DOI: | 10.1016/j.jcta.2004.12.002 |

Abstract: | An evergreen theme in topological graph theory is the study of graph complexes, (Proof of the Lovász conjecture, arXiv:math.CO/ 0402395, 2, 2004; J. Combin. Theory Ser. A 25 (1978) 319-324; Using the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem, Lectures on Topological Methods in Combinatorics and Geometry, Springer Universitext, Berlin, 2003; [17]). Many of these complexes are ℤ 2 -spaces and the associated ℤ 2 -index Ind ℤ2 (X) is an invariant of great importance for estimating the chromatic numbers of graphs. We introduce WI-posets (Definition 2) as intermediate objects and emphasize the importance of Bredon's theorem (Theorem 9) which allows us to use standard tools of topological combinatorics for comparison of ℤ 2 -homotopy types of ℤ 2 -posets. Among the consequences of general results are known and new results about ℤ 2 -homotopy types of graph complexes. It turns out that, in spite of great variety of approaches and definitions, all ℤ 2 -graph complexes associated to G can be viewed as avatars of the same object, as long as their ℤ 2 -homotopy types are concerned. Among the applications are a proof that each finite, free ℤ 2 -complex is a graph complex and an evaluation of ℤ 2 -homotopy types of complexes Ind (C n ) of independence sets in a cycle C n . |

Keywords: | Bredon's theorem | Graph complexes | WI-posets |

Publisher: | Elsevier |

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