Authors: Momčilović, Dejan
Subić, Aleksandar
Atanasovska, Ivana 
Mitrović, Radivoje
Title: Combined load simulation vs component loads simulation in machine design - a case study
Journal: FME Transactions
Volume: 42
Issue: 1
First page: 48
Last page: 55
Issue Date: 17-Feb-2014
Rank: M24
ISSN: 1451-2092
DOI: 10.5937/fmet1401048M
At a present level af technology, almost all machine parts are subjected to combined loads in real working condition. The aim of research described in this paper is to highlight the importance of combined load simulation for the calculation of machine parts load capacity. This research is inspired by one failure case study of hydro turbine shaft. The shaft with flange and high ratio of shaft/flange diameter is the subject of excessive calculation in order to find the cause of failure. The classic analytical calculation of this shaft uses the Peterson's elastic stress concentration factor and calculates stress concentration factors and maximum stresses for different stress components of combined load and then calculate analytical values of total stress by the hypothesis of maximum normal stress. On the other hand, presented Finite Element Analysis simulates shaft stress state under real conditions of complex load by simultaneously applying all load components (bending, torsion and tension). Bboth of the calculations are performed for few different radii in shaft-flange sections. The results are presented by comparative diagrams for obtained values of total stresses and stress concentration factors. The analysis of these diagrams leads to conclusion that the use of Peterson's stress concentration factors and standard analytical techniques for total stress calculation has to be replaced with modern calculation techniques that provide a more accurate, easier-to-handle solution.
Keywords: Finite element analysis | Shaft | Stress concentration factor
Publisher: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade
Project: Development of Methodology for Improvement of Operational Performance, Reliability and Energy Efficiency of Machine Systems used in the Resource Industry 

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