Authors: Šegan-Radonjić, Marija 
Šegan, Stevo
Affiliations: Computer Science 
Title: Calendar as a Criterion in the Study of Culture
Journal: Phlogiston
Volume: 31
First page: 45
Last page: 61
Issue Date: 2023
Rank: M53
ISSN: 0354-6640
This article considers the calendar as a relation of humanity to cos-mos and introduces it as an instrument for study of culture. It uses the concept of calendars and calendar systems as a criterion for recog nizing and forming culture. Starting from an assumption that the calendar is a structurally organized system of phenomena, events and holidays, it divides the time into days, months and years. Also, it is assumed that calendars are structural lists of collective memory within a society, whereby this memory is described in cyclical catego-ries—calendar (public) holidays, such as state and religious holidays, and non-calendar holidays, such as anniversaries of personal events. Furthermore, considering that the method of counting years used in
calendars may dier in dierent cultures, it discusses how cultural
self-awareness is expressed through the epoch of the calendar era. Finally, it explores how and to what extent calendars’ formation,
interaction, and reforms, as well as their systems, reect cultural
changes. The article concludes that the calendar and the calendar
systems represent a specic cultural criterion of a society and serve
as a source of cultural identity.
Keywords: calendar | culture
Publisher: Muzej nauke i tehnike, Beograd

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