Authors: Petkovski, Ivana 
Mihajlović, Ivan
Fedajev, Aleksandra
Affiliations: Computer Science 
Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts 
Title: Hybrid CRITIC-TOPSIS model for prioritizing digitally developed countries in the light of energy indicators
First page: 264
Last page: 277
Related Publication(s): IMCSM Proceedings
Conference: XVII International May Conference on Strategic Management – IMCSM22 May 28, 2022, Bor, Serbia
Issue Date: 2022
Rank: M33
ISBN: 978-86-6305-129-4
Digital progress of the society is associated with trends in energetic sector. The top
ten digitally developed European countries, according to the most recent ICT development
index report in 2017, were chosen as testing countries to conduct a deeper investigation on the
issue of energy production and consumption in the digital era. Data on (1, 2) coal and oil-fired
electricity generation, (3) share of GHG emissions from energy production, (4) final
electricity consumption in industry, (5) final electricity consumption in households, and (6)
energy intensity were included in the initial database. For determining criteria weights and
final ranking of alternatives, a hybrid CRITIC-TOPSIS MCDM model was utilized. The
CRITIC approach was used to calculate objective weights of criteria by employing standard
deviation to measure the contrast strength of each criterion. The findings highlight the
dominance of three criteria in comparison to others: energy intensity (wei = 0.200), share of
GHG emissions in total energy production (weGHG = 0.198), and ultimate energy consumption
in households (wfch = 0.194). The TOPSIS approach was used to complete the final ranking.
Switzerland, Luxembourg, and Sweden were ranked first, second, and third, respectively, in
terms of advanced digitalization performance and awareness of the need of providing green
energy for economic activity.
Keywords: energy | digitalization | multi-criteria decision-making | CRITIC-TOPSIS
Publisher: Technical faculty in Bor

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