Authors: Blagojević, Pavle 
Dimitrijević-Blagojević, Aleksandra 
Karasev, Roman
Kliem, Jonathan
Affiliations: Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts 
Title: More Bisections by Hyperplane Arrangements
Journal: Discrete and Computational Geometry
Issue Date: 17-Nov-2021
Rank: ~M22
ISSN: 0179-5376
DOI: 10.1007/s00454-021-00337-w
Abstract: 
A union of an arrangement of affine hyperplanes H in Rd is the real algebraic variety associated to the principal ideal generated by the polynomial pH given as the product of the degree one polynomials which define the hyperplanes of the arrangement. A finite Borel measure on Rd is bisected by the arrangement of affine hyperplanes H if the measure on the “non-negative side” of the arrangement { x∈ Rd: pH(x) ≥ 0 } is the same as the measure on the “non-positive” side of the arrangement { x∈ Rd: pH(x) ≤ 0 }. In 2017 Barba, Pilz & Schnider considered special, as well as modified cases of the following measure partition hypothesis: For a given collection of j finite Borel measures on Rd there exists a k-element affine hyperplane arrangement that bisects each of the measures into equal halves simultaneously. They showed that there are simultaneous bisections in the case when d= k= 2 and j= 4. Furthermore, they conjectured that every collection of j measures on Rd can be simultaneously bisected with a k-element affine hyperplane arrangement provided that d≥ ⌈ j/ k⌉. The conjecture was confirmed in the case when d≥ j/ k= 2 a by Hubard and Karasev in 2018. In this paper we give a different proof of the Hubard and Karasev result using the framework of Blagojević, Frick, Haase & Ziegler (2016), based on the equivariant relative obstruction theory of tom Dieck, which was developed for handling the Grünbaum–Hadwiger–Ramos hyperplane measure partition problem. Furthermore, this approach allowed us to prove even more, that for every collection of 2 a(2 h+ 1) + ℓ measures on R2a+ℓ, where 1 ≤ ℓ≤ 2 a- 1 , there exists a (2 h+ 1) -element affine hyperplane arrangement that bisects all of them simultaneously. Our result was extended to the case of spherical arrangements and reproved by alternative methods in a beautiful way by Crabb [8].
Publisher: Springer Link

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