Authors: Hansen, Pierre
Mladenović, Nenad 
Moreno Pérez, José
Title: Variable neighbourhood search: Methods and applications
Journal: 4OR : A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
First page: 319
Last page: 360
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2008
ISSN: 1619-4500
DOI: 10.1007/s10288-008-0089-1
Variable neighbourhood search (VNS) is a metaheuristic, or a framework for building heuristics, based upon systematic changes of neighbourhoods both in descent phase, to find a local minimum, and in perturbation phase to emerge from the corresponding valley. It was first proposed in 1997 and has since then rapidly developed both in its methods and its applications. In the present paper, these two aspects are thoroughly reviewed and an extensive bibliography is provided. Moreover, one section is devoted to newcomers. It consists of steps for developing a heuristic for any particular problem. Those steps are common to the implementation of other metaheuristics.
Keywords: Heuristic | Metaheuristic | Variable neighbourhood search
Publisher: Springer Link
Project: NSERC, Grant no. FQRNT
Serbian Ministry of Science, Grant no. 144007
Spanish Government, Grant no. TIN2005-08404-C04-03
Canary Government, Grant no. PI042005/044

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