Authors: Vasilevska, Ljiljana
Milanović, Danijela
Nikolić, Marko
Vranić, Petar 
Milojković, Aleksandar
Title: "Garage capitalism" as a form and process of post-socialist urban changes: Its pace, intensity and structural characteristics. A case study of Nis, Serbia
Journal: Habitat International
Volume: 48
First page: 149
Last page: 158
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2015
Rank: M21
ISSN: 0197-3975
DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.03.022
Abstract: 
This paper considers the phenomenon known as "garage capitalism", accepted in literature as the transformation and adaptation of garages, residential space, basements and other space located on the ground floor of buildings into a space for retailing or other services, manifested at the beginning of the transition period in most Central East European countries. We analyzed this phenomenon as a spatial-functional form of two processes of post-socialist urban changes which significantly shaped the transformation of the urban fabric in post-socialist cities: 1) the increase in commercial functions, and 2) the restructuring of large housing estates from the socialist past. The research was conducted in the largest housing area built during socialism in the city of Nis, Serbia. The research focuses on: 1) the character of "garage capitalism", and the pace and intensity with which its proceeds - whether itis only a temporary occurrence from the turbulent early years of the transition period in the 1990s, or a solidified process over the past twenty-five years, and 2) scrutinizing its socio-spatial impact on the urban transformation of large housing estates. The analytical framework draws on empirical analysis and a questionnaire-based survey. The investigation indicates that despite a decrease in its intensity, "garage capitalism" is establishedas asolidifiedprocess of urban change. It also suggests that entrepreneurial attitudes and a laissez-faire approach to the urban planning of local authorities, under conditions of continuous economic recession, are the major drivers in the vitality of this process.
Keywords: Garage capitalism | Large housing estate | Nis | Post-socialism | Urban transformation
Publisher: Elsevier

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