Authors: Stanojević, Milan
Milenković, Ivan
Starčević, Dušan
Stanojević, Bogdana 
Title: Continuous distribution approximation and thresholds optimization in serial multi-modal biometric systems
Journal: International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control
Volume: 11
Issue: 5
First page: 721
Last page: 734
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2016
Rank: M23
ISSN: 1841-9836
DOI: 10.15837/ijccc.2016.5.2683
Multi-modal biometric verification systems use information from several biometric modalities to verify an identity of a person. The false acceptance rate (FAR) and false rejection rate (FRR) are metrics generally used to measure the performance of such systems. In this paper, we first approximate the score distributions of both genuine users and impostors by continuous distributions. Then we incorporate the exact expressions of the distributions in the formulas for the expected values of both FAR and FRR for each matcher. In order to determine the upper and lower acceptance thresholds in the sequential multi-modal biometric matching, we further minimize the expected values of FAR and FRR for the entire processing chain. We propose a non-linear bi-objective programming problem whose objective functions are the two error probabilities. We analyze the efficient set of the bi-objective problem, and derive an efficient solution as a best compromise between the error probabilities. Replacing the least squares approximation of the score distributions by a continuous distribution approximation, this approach modifies the method presented in Stanojevic et al. [15] (doi: 10.1109/ICCCC.2016.7496752)a. The results of our experiments showed a good performance of the sequential multiple biometric matching system based on continuous distribution approximation and optimized thresholds.
Keywords: Continuous distribution approximation | Multi-criteria optimization | Multi-modal biometrics | Sequential fusion
Publisher: Agora University
Project: Multimodal Biometry in Identity Management 
Optimization of Distributive and Reverse Flows in Logistic Systems 

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