Authors: | Farah, Ilijas |

Title: | Completely additive liftings |

Journal: | Bulletin of Symbolic Logic |

Volume: | 4 |

Issue: | 1 |

First page: | 37 |

Last page: | 54 |

Issue Date: | 1-Jan-1998 |

ISSN: | 1079-8986 |

DOI: | 10.2307/421005 |

Abstract: | The purpose of this communication is to survey a theory of liftings, as developed in author's thesis ([8]). The first result in this area was Shelah's construction of a model of set theory in which every automorphism of P(ℕ)/ Fin, where Fin is the ideal of finite sets, is trivial, or inother words, it is induced by a function mapping integers into integers ([33]). (It is a classical result of W. Rudin [31] that under the Continuum Hypothesis there are automorphisms other than trivial ones.) Soon afterwards, Velickovic ([47]), was able to extract from Shelah's argument the fact that every automorphism of P(ℕ)/ Fin with a Baire-measurable lifting has to be trivial. This, for instance, implies that in Solovay's model ([36]) all automorphisms are trivial. Later on, an axiomatic approach was adopted and Shelah's conclusion was drawn first from the Proper Forcing Axiom (PFA) ([34]) and then from the milder Open Coloring Axiom (OCA) and Martin's Axiom (MA) ([48], see §5 for definitions). Both shifts from the quotient P(ℕ)/ Fin to quotients over more general ideals P(ℕ)/I and from automorphisms to arbitrary ho-momorphisms were made by Just in a series of papers ([14]-[17]), motivated by some problems in algebra ([7, pp. 38–39], [43, I.12.11], [45, Q48]) and topology ([46, p. 537]). |

Publisher: | Cambridge University Press |

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