Authors: Mihaljević, Miodrag J. 
Imai, Hideki
Affiliations: Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts 
Title: A stream cipher design based on embedding of random bits
Journal: 2008 International Symposium on Information Theory and its Applications, ISITA2008
First page: 4895641
Conference: International Symposium on Information Theory and its Applications, ISITA2008; Auckland; New Zealand; 7 December 2008 through 10 December 2008
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2008
Rank: M30
ISBN: 978-1-424-42069-8
DOI: 10.1109/ISITA.2008.4895641
Abstract: 
A novel approach for design of stream ciphers based on a combination of pseudo-randomness and randomness is proposed. The core element of the approach is a pseudo-random embedding of the random bits into the ciphertext. This embedding plays a role of a homophonic encoding and implies an additional communications overhead. Before its output to the public communication channel the ciphertext with the embedded random bits is also intentionally degraded via its exposure to a moderate noise binary symmetric channel. The proposed design has potential of providing that complexity of recovering the secret key in the known plaintext attacking scenario is close to the complexity of recovering the secret key via the exhaustive search, i.e. close to the maximal possible one for the given size of secret key. Accordingly, the proposed approach can be considered as a trade-off between the increased security and decreased communications efficiency.
Publisher: IEEE
Project: Advanced methods for cryptology and information processing 

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