Authors: Oǧuz-Ekim, Pinar
Gomes, João Pedro
Xavier, João
Stošić, Marko 
Oliveira, Paulo
Title: An angular approach for range-based approximate maximum likelihood source localization through convex relaxation
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Volume: 13
Issue: 7
First page: 3951
Last page: 3964
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Rank: M21a
ISSN: 1536-1276
DOI: 10.1109/TWC.2014.2314653
Abstract: 
This work considers the problem of locating a single source from noisy range measurements to a set of nodes in a wireless sensor network. We propose two new techniques that we designate as Source Localization with Nuclear Norm (SLNN) and Source Localization with l1-norm (SL-l1), which extend to arbitrary real dimensions our prior work on 2D source localization formulated in the complex plane. Our approach is based on formulating a Maximum-Likelihood (ML) estimation problem, and then using convex relaxation techniques to obtain a semidefinite program (SDP) that can be globally and efficiently solved. SLNN directly approximates the Gaussian ML solution, and the relaxation is shown to be tighter than in other methods in the same class. We present an analysis of the convexity properties of the constraint set for the 2D complex version of SLNN (SLCP) to justify the observed tightness of the relaxation. We propose the SL-l1 algorithm to address the Laplacian noise case, which models the presence of outliers in range measurements. We overcome the nondifferentiability of the Laplacian likelihood function by rewriting the ML problem as an exact weighted version of the Gaussian case. In terms of accuracy of localization, the proposed algorithms globally outperform state-of-the-art optimization-based methods in different noise scenarios, while exhibiting moderate computational complexity.
Keywords: Centralized method | convex hull | convex relaxation | range-based source localization | semidefinite programming
Publisher: IEEE

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