Authors: Aouchiche, Mustapha
Hansen, Pierre
Stevanović, Dragan 
Title: A sharp upper bound on algebraic connectivity using domination number
Journal: Linear Algebra and Its Applications
Volume: 432
Issue: 11
First page: 2879
Last page: 2893
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2010
Rank: M22
ISSN: 0024-3795
DOI: 10.1016/j.laa.2009.12.031
Abstract: 
Let G be a connected graph of order n. The algebraic connectivity of G is the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of G. A dominating set in G is a vertex subset S such that each vertex of G that is not in S is adjacent to a vertex in S. The least cardinality of a dominating set is the domination number. In this paper, we prove a sharp upper bound on the algebraic connectivity of a connected graph in terms of the domination number and characterize the associated extremal graphs.
Keywords: Algebraic connectivity | Domination number | Extremal graph | Laplacian
Publisher: Elsevier

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